health promotion: concept analysis
The Concept Analysis of Health Promotion Abstract
Health promotion (HP) is a multi-dimensional and complex concept which the researcher is frequently used and defined in different ways. One of the nursing roles for nurses is the promoter of health; therefore it would be useful to attempt to clarify the concept. This article develops a concept analysis is to clarify the meaning of an existing concept of HP using the process developed by Pender, Murdaugh, and Parsons (2006). The method suggested by Walker and Avant guided this concept analysis. Attributes, model cases, antecedents and consequences, and empirical references are described. The implications for further research are also described.
Keywords: Health Promotion Model,
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Definition of health promotion According to the above linguistic definitions of the terms ‘health’ and ‘promotion’, it could be said that one would expect ‘health promotion’ to mean ‘to further well-being, to help forward or encourage well-being’.14 In addition, many of sources define health promotion as the concept of preventing illness or disease and to improving health. The Ottawa Charter states that health promotion is “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health by building healthy public policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community action, developing personal skills, and reorienting health services15. Pender1 described health promotion as being “motivated by the desire to increase wellness and actualize human health potential.” The book “Health Promotion Theory”, by Davies and Macdowall16, defines health promotion as the “comprising of the efforts to enhance positive health and prevent ill health, through the overlapping spheres of health education, prevention and health protection.” Moreover, the word health promotion was used in other general or specific situations, especially at many