Community Profile

4441 words 18 pages
UNIVERSITY OF TEESSIDE
SCHOOL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE

BSc (Hons) Nursing Studies, Adult

The Role of the Nurse in Improving Health and Wellbeing
(CCH1037-N-BJ1-2012)

Community Profile

Megan McCallion
J9238068

Word Count: 3,704

Thursday 24th January 2013

Contents page

Chapter One- Introduction........................................................................Page 3-4

Chapter Two – The Health Improvement Issue......................................Page 5-8

Chapter Three – Service Provision.........................................................Page 9-11

Chapter Four – The Role of the Nurse....................................................Page 12-13

Chapter Five –
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This figure can be broken down into smaller sub categories for example; smoking related hospital admissions alone costs £3.09 million per year and additional GP consultations costing £1.29 million per year (Middlesbrough JSNA, 2012). However, it is important to note that these are just a couple of examples of the costs associated with the onset of smoking related health issues. Beyond this, people are suffering with long term conditions that require ongoing and dedicated resource and with this, ongoing related costs. Over and above the cost issues, it is important to note and appreciate that many people in the town of Middlesbrough are dying prematurely because they are smokers.

There are 107 smoking attributable deaths per year in Middlesbrough according to Middlesbrough JSNA (2012). The percentage of premature deaths due to smoking in Middlesbrough (31%), is significantly higher than the North East (29%) and the national average (26%) (Middlesbrough JSNA, 2012).

There are a number of specific illnesses and diseases that can be linked or related to smoking but a major one is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is a collection of lung diseases which includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema and also chronic obstructive airways disease. It is known that COPD has strong associations with smoking and affects around 3 million people in the UK and causes around 30,000 deaths a year (NHS Tees

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