Comparing Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and the Neuman Systems Model

4038 words 17 pages
Comparing Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring And The Neuman Systems Model
Jayanna Volm
Concordia University

Comparing Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring And The Neuman Systems Model Nursing frameworks and conceptual models are imperative as a foundation for nursing practice. These frameworks provide recognition, understanding, and the ability to manage phenomena in which nursing comes into contact. These frameworks also provide the nurse with a systematic approach to interventions and goal attainment. The purpose of this paper is to compare Neuman Systems Model to Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. According to Alligood and Tomey the Neuman Systems Model is classified as a nursing conceptual model. “Nursing conceptual
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Thus developing is continuing to be built on. The third process is the cyclic, where problems continue to recur in a circle until growth has occurred. The final process views development as branching out. At each new branch is a growth of autonomy and a new way of reacting to stressors (Tourville & Ingalls, 2003, Developmental Model, para. 2). The Neuman Systems Model was first published in the 1972 as a method for teaching nursing students. It is based on the works of: Hans Selye, who identified stressors and stress responses; on the philosophy of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who viewed humans as spiritual beings having a human experience; on Gestalt theory, which is based on the works of Frederick Peris, who taught the importance of assuming responsibility for the self and increasing awareness of the feelings and behaviors of self and others; and on the general systems theory, which postulates that the world is made up of interconnected systems (Tourville & Ingalls, 2003, Systems Model, para. 5). Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring was published in 1979. Watson designed this theory to bring meaning and focus to nursing as a distinct health profession. Her theory of human caring was based on the phenomenological psychology and philosophy of Carl Rogers, who viewed nurses as “not here to manipulate and