Concept Analysis on Caring

1624 words 7 pages
Caring is thought to coincide with good nursing practice. As guided by the concept analysis framework of Walker and Avant (1983), an attempt is made to gain better understanding of the constituent properties of caring. This includes the evaluation of various definitions of caring, key attributes, antecedents, consequences, and the perception of caring from the patients and nurses point of view. Then, drawing a conclusion of the significance of caring, thereof.

The Oxford Dictionary defines caring as the work or practice of looking after, as well as, displaying kindness and concern for those who are unable to care for themselves, especially on account of age or illness. Meanwhile, Miller-Keane and OToole (2003) terms caring as an
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Maslow 1943) should be considered when planning to deliver care. These needs are termed as basic requirements for human survival and growth. The needs range for basic physical needs to more emotional and aesthetic needs. Courtesy: Gale Group

The hierarchy has five tiers of needs to fulfil in order to satisfy the care of a patient. They are biological, Safety, Love and Belongingness, Esteem and Self-Actualisation. Within the realm of nursing care, these needs are considered, recognised and delivered where possible.

The outcomes that are evident once the concept of caring has been delivered (Walker & Avant 1995 p.45) to a patient include healing, curing, relief and prevention of suffering through pain management or in the case of terminal illness, being able to die peacefully. When a patient is healed or cured they may be able to return to their lifestyle independently or with supportive assistance. Supportive assistance can come from nurses, other health care professionals and family members who can be included in the decision making and participation of care. If the patient is satisfied with the care provided, consequently, a trusting relationship between the patient and nurse is established and validated. Watson (2008 pp. 94-96) shared a ‘Caring Behaviour Assessment Tool’ compiled by Cronin & Harrison (1988). Judged on a scale of 1 to 5, 5 being most important, some of the key questions asked


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