Impact of Tourism
IMPACT OF TOURISM
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity in 2008, there were over 922 million international tourist arrivals, with a growth of 1.9% as compared to 2007. International tourism receipts grew to US$944 billion (euro 642 billion) in 2008, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 18%. This paper is purposed to explain about impact of tourism including advantages and disadvantages. This impact has occurred in some different countries.
Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual
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By 1965, tourism had become the country’s largest export. Over the years the Jamaican government has continually invested in tourism development, and its “Come Back to Jamaica” advertisement campaign being a well-known example of that. Although tourism has brought benefits such as foreign exchange, employment, higher government revenue and the transformation of agriculture into a modern service industry, it has been a two-edged sword which has damaged many indigenous societies. The economic benefits have brought prosperity mainly to urban communities and entrepreneurs. The rate of economic return to rural communities has been low. These are some examples of disadvantages of tourism in Thailand especially in rural areas: • Facilities such as resorts, hotels and tour companies belong mainly to investors from cities; who take most of the profits. • Food, drink and other daily necessities used by tourists are normally imported from outside, not produced locally. • Revenues in the forms of taxes and fees do not go to rural communities directly, but return to the central government. • Local labor is employed only at low level. Employment opportunities for local people are thus very limited. If not well planned and controlled, tourism lead to negative impacts or reduce the effectiveness of positive ones. In Turkish Resort Town, the prices of goods and