Sociology of Tourism - Pro Poor Tourism

6331 words 26 pages
Introduction

We have to understand the several concepts by means of definition and its integration.
• Tourism Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity." In 1976, the Tourism Society of England's definition was: "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes." In 1981, the International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined tourism in terms of particular
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In South Africa there is a similar advantage of a warm climate being a major attraction. Educated travel are increasing due to the growth of the information age, impacts on the environment is more and more grasped and local communities can embrace environmental initiatives that will promote sustainability and produce upliftment; such as cleaning operations and animal preservation programmes in conjunction with government
• Political: Mmatšatši Marobe, Chief Executive Officer of the TBCSA explains “With the contribution of tourism to GDP continuing to grow, the latest statistics putting its contribution at 8% – this was surely an industry with great potential to drive economic growth, foreign investment and job creation, hence the requirement for a singularly focused Ministry.” Favourable political weather is always a draw card. If we have to look at Rwanda and the opportunities it has from a tourism perspective to aid poverty of its citizens, versus the unstable political climate, then clear conclusions can be drawn from this
• Economical force can be derived from community upliftment programmes where poor communities can benefit from tourism in that money is spent in various ways within the community through the purchase of accommodation, food, beverage, experiences and memorabilia. Local citizens are employed and products and good is supplied and/or sourced locally.

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