The Framework of Tourism: Towards a Definition of Tourism, Tourist, and the Tourist Industry (Leiper, 1979)
Find six academic definitions for tourism, tourist or travel. Discuss each of these six definitions and explain the merits and efficiencies of each one, making connections with the points raised by Leiper (1979) where possible. Then provide an overall discussion about which definition is best and for what reason/s.
Six definitions for the term Tourism were found from a variety of academic references, these being textbook and journal articles. They are discussed in terms of their merits and deficiencies, and then any connections with the points raised by Leiper (1979).
Tourism & Tourist Definition Identification
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Again is serves very little purpose on an academic sense, although it does have greater specificity in terms of whom the definition ‘fits’. It at least considers that a person must be away from home, but does not provide any substantial support to other functions of the tourist. 4. This definition of a tourist is actual quite functional in terms of being able to clearly identify and therefore gather statistics for analysis. This does consider “behavioural” aspects and supports the analysis of this function of Leiper (1979) Tourism System. 5. This definition covers the ‘technical definition’ of tourism, allowing for the statistical aspects as discussed by Leiper (1979). It covers the three elements of the standard internal definition: distance travelled, duration and purpose. It supports and allows a clear definition for statistical purposes but has limited relevance to business related discussion in terms of any economic or business impacts that may result from the persons undertaking the activity as defined. Similarly Leiper (1979) has issue with this purely statistical approach to defining tourism as it does not consider the industrial aspects that result from tourism and the tourist. 6. The specificity of this definition of a tourist supports only the data gathering for a particular purpose. It does not meet the standard international ‘technical’ definition of a tourist as defined in the journal