Natural Disasters and Health Care
Submitted by – Dalton Divakaran
MS Health Care Management
University of Texas at Dallas
Types of Disasters
Effects of Disaster on Economy
Effect of Disaster on Health Care Organization * Sudden Influx * Damage to Facilities * Inadequately Prepared * Specialty Treatment Availability
Effects on the Population * Immediate Health Impact * Long-Term Impacts
Steps in Disaster Management * Mitigation * Preparedness * Response * Recovery
Real Incident Study * Background: * Immediate Response Considerations: * Evacuation: * Special Immediate Concerns: * Recovery Process: * Facility …show more content…
These are explained below:
Immediate Health Impact
Short-term losses fall under three categories that have both direct and indirect effects: I. Disability, Illness, and Death; II. Direct losses in infrastructure; and III. Loss or disruption in health care delivery.
It is primarily a matter of building institutional ability and human resources, and includes: I. Identifying vulnerability to natural hazards or other calamities; II. Building simple solutions for such occurrence in the future; III. Initiating a change\development among the main factors to develop a basic plan that outlines the responsibilities of each factor in the health sector, identifying possible overlaps or gaps and building a consensus to create an effective healthcare system; IV. Maintaining close collaboration with these main factors; and V. Educating the first health responders and managers to face the special challenges of responding to disasters.
Steps in Disaster Management * Mitigation – To minimize the effects of disaster.
Examples: Zoning; Vulnerability analyses; Public education.
* Preparedness - Planning how to respond.
Examples: Preparedness plans; Emergency exercises/training; Warning systems.
* Response - Efforts in minimizing the hazards created by a disaster.
Examples: Search and rescue; Emergency