Inca Empire

3283 words 14 pages
We know from history many various civilizations. Civilizations like Sumerian (4000 BC), Egyptian (3000 BC), Minoan (2000 BC), and Babylonian (1700 BC). Later, the Greek civilization, throughout the Macedonian empire, ranged as far east as northern India and as far south and west as Egypt. Then Romans were the rulers of the whole area from Constantinopole, to Palestine and North Africa to Britain. After centuries, the Vikings, people from what is now Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, established colonies in northern France, Sicily, England, and Ireland. During the 13th century AD, Mongols created a vast empire in Central Asia and the Mongol Empire controlled the expanse of territory from the Ural mountains in Russia to the Pacific Ocean. The …show more content…

In the last level of Inca political hierarchy were the so-called "kuraka" (Inca 376). In an attempt to achieve bureaucratic accountability, the Incas broke all the households in the empire, down into neat decimal units. Every 10 households in the empire were governed by the head of one of the households. Above them were prefects of 100, 500, 1,000, and 10,000 households, and each of them controlled by a "kuraka" (Lost 61). This bureaucratic organization made the households economic units, and "kurakas" were responsible to collect the taxes that the people paid in the form of agricultural produce and cloth (Lost 125,126). As we can see, even to an Indian society, everything was followed by a plan. The daily life of the Incas varied widely according to social class. Although the emperor and other nobles often had many wifes, the emperor traditionally married his sister as his principal wife (Inca Empire 6). The elderly received special consideration in Inca Empire. According to Incas, a person reached the old age at around fifty. They were freed from taxation, and they were expected to undertake light duties, such as baby-sitting and preparing food (Lost 128). Education played a serious role for Incas. Boys attained maturity at about 14 (Lost 130). In the hands of their teachers, Inca boys learned religion, elementary geometry, history, military tactics, and oratory (Lost 70). At the age of 16, the boys had to pass


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