P3 M2 D1 Patterns and Trends in Health and Ilness Among Diffrent Social Groups

1810 words 8 pages
P3 Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings

Men and women have different levels of risks of getting mental illnesses such as alcohol dependency. This is “more than twice as high in men than women. In developed countries, approximately 1 in 5 men and 1 in 12 women develop alcohol dependence during their lives” WHO 2015. This clearly shows that men and women have different risks when it comes to health and illness. Men are also twice as likely to have personality disorders, but women are more likely to have anxiety and depression than men are. Women have more accounts of sexual harassment and rape and this has a knock on effect to the amount of people with depression.
Social class
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Geographical location
Poorer areas have higher mortality, morbidity and illness rates. For example in the UK lung cancer is more common in the North West and Yorkshire regions and less common in the southern and eastern regions. As you can see on the map you can expect to live into your 80s in Australia, Canada and may countries of Western Europe, and over 75 years in most other high income countries. Most countries have a life expectancy of 65 years except in Africa and Afghanistan. The three countries with lowest life expectancy in the world are Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia, with life expectancy of around 39 years. In the early 19th century nearly all countries had life expectancy of around 39 but because of improvements in health, food and wealth life expectancy has improved all over the world. Graph- http://thebritishgeographer.weebly.com 2015
M2 Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends in two different social groups

Artefact explanation
This explanation gives the theory that the statistics themselves were biased. They argued that the people in lower class had more elderly people and also more people working in traditional dangerous jobs therefore illness and death are obviously going to be higher than the higher class areas that have safe working conditions and necessary health care. Therefore it is not