Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations

1199 words 5 pages
Whitney Scott
Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations
Nurs 429 V
March 21, 2015

Over the years the United States (US) has transformed from a predominately white population to being ethnically diverse. According to the 2010 US Census bureau states roughly 36.3 percent of its population belongs to a minority group. The minority groups represented in the US include; Alaska Native/ American Indian, Asian American, Black/African American, Hispanic/ Latino, and Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander (NHPI). Health status and disparities vary with each group as does health promotion. After analyzing each specific minority group the author of this paper has chosen to focus on the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander
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They believe healing for the body will not occur until problems are solved. Ohana means family, and extended family is the main social construction for this ethnic group. They believe an illness affects the entire family giving them the right to be involved in all health care decisions. Finally Aloha means love/compassion and Malama means to care for. In order for this population to feel they are being cared for properly and to be an eager partner in a patient physician connection they need to feel they are being respected. The only way to earn respect is by gaining trust, one way the NHPI community establishes trust is by creating a connection with their physician. They achieve this commonly by discussing genealogy, where you live, and where you went to school. Traditional health practices are also discussed in the report by Stanford School of Medicine. A few of these include massage, plant and herbal based healing, prayer, and conflict resolution. With the mixture of traditional beliefs and traditional practices health promotion will be achieved (Mau, 2010).
Health promotion prevention is divided into three categories; primary, secondary, and tertiary. An example of primary prevention would be for the physician to establish trust and then educate a patient about the importance of a healthy diet and regular diet to prevent obesity. An example of secondary prevention would be if the patient already was obese and had heart disease, this preventive goal is to slow the


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