Children's Functional Health Pattern
Food allergies may be seen in the toddler. The toddler is at risk for dental caries if parents or caregivers use bottles with milk or juice at bedtime. | Preschoolers can be either obese or under weight. Preschoolers may eat excessive amounts of junk food. | School-age children may suffer from obesity. Access to food and cultural factors may contribute to poor nutrition in school-aged children, especially if they are living in poverty. School-aged children and their families may live busy lives. There is a potential for skipped meals or fast food, placing them at-risk for obesity and metabolic disorders. | Pattern of Elimination: List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group. List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group. | Toddlers are ready and begin beginning toilet training. Caregivers should watch for signs of toilet training, checking for wetness and keeping the baby dry for 2 or more hours. | Preschoolers are capable of and responsible for independent toileting and toilet training is complete. Preschoolers are aware of basic hygiene after toileting. Positive reinforcement continues for hygiene tasks. | The school-age child has full bowel and bladder control by age 5. They also now have the ability to undress, wipe, flush, dress and wash hands.