The Juvenile Justice System

1309 words 6 pages
The Juvenile Justice System
Jodia M Murphy
Kaplan University
CJ150 Juvenile Delinquency
Professor Thomas Woods
July 31, 2012

Abstract This paper takes a brief look at the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system in the United States. In recent years there has been an increase of juvenile cases being transferred into the adult court system. This paper will also look at that process and the consequences of that trend.
History and Evolution In the early nineteenth century juveniles were treated the same as adults when it came to the legal system. We did not have separate courts or jails for juveniles and they would often receive the same punishments as adults that had committed crimes. “At the beginning of the
…show more content…
For the child being charged as an adult it will limit their ability to find employment, putting further financial strain on the economy and increasing their chances of re-offending. Another factor to consider is the child competency to stand trial. “ Two recent studies found that the mental competency of youths under the age of 16 to stand trial is far below that of similarly charged adults, with one study comparing the competency of young juvenile offenders to that of severely mentally impaired adults” (Seigel & Welsh, 2011).
Conclusion
The juvenile justice system has come a long way since the first separate system was founded in 1899. Landmark cases in the 1960’s and 70’s furthered the goal of better treatment for juveniles in the system. “…The U.S. Supreme Court agreed; "There is evidence, in fact, that there may be grounds for concern that the child receives the worst of both worlds: that he gets neither the protections accorded to adults nor the solicitous care and regenerative treatment postulated for children," wrote Justice Abe Fortas in Kent v. United States” ( Frontline, 2001). In 1974 the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act was passed which made several positive changes: * Separation of juvenile from adult offenders * Deinstitutionalization of status offenders * Created the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention * Created grants to help set up programs for juvenile offenders

Related

  • Similarities and Differences in Juvenile and Adult Justice Systems
    1856 words | 8 pages
  • Legal Studies Assess the effectiveness of the Criminal Justice System in dealing with young offenders.
    1451 words | 6 pages
  • Inequality in the Justice System
    2758 words | 12 pages
  • Why Do We as a Society Need a Criminal Justice System
    1220 words | 5 pages
  • Comparing France and Us Criminal Justice System
    1164 words | 5 pages
  • Juvenile Justice
    1632 words | 7 pages
  • Discuss the Impact the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Has Had on the Criminal Justice System
    2096 words | 9 pages
  • Restorative Justice and the Criminal Justice System
    1855 words | 8 pages
  • A Review of the Literature: Plea Bargaining and Ethics in the Criminal Justice System
    1928 words | 8 pages
  • Criminal Justice Systems Paper
    1146 words | 5 pages