Montessori Practical Life
The baby is not an inert or passive being, but a “creative” individual, actively struggling to grow and learn. There is an unconscious urge, a life force or horme that works untiringly, but this work of the child cannot achieve perfect development if the conditions are not right.”
Discuss a perfect prepared environment, stimulating his needs for emotional, intellectual stimulation, hygienic precaution and his physical growth.
“There is a play of instincts within a child not only with respect to its physical growth and nourishment but also with respect to various psychic operations.”
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If the child feels responsible then he will discipline himself. Freedom to do any aimless activity is not accepted. Therefore, the teachers firmly set limits for the children and aid them to discern between acceptable and unacceptable, good and bad. Freedom in classrooms helps in the development of natural laws. The child develops a sense of independence as he is taught self-help skills like buttoning, zipping, putting on shoes, etc. He develops his sense of will since he is able to choose his own activities without acquiring permission from the teacher. For example, a two and a half year old child can choose to use the pink tower or any of the spooning exercises present in front of him. Unlike traditional classrooms, a child is allowed to interact with other children during class hours. This caters to the development of his emotional and spiritual life and develops his interpersonal skills. Freedom helps the child in the various stages of growth as his needs are met in time; thus satisfying his inner self.
A Montessori classroom ensures structure and order in the child’s environment. This helps the child develop a sense of safety and security. Order is one of the needs of life, which, when satisfied, produces real happiness. The sight of something out of place disturbs the child’s mental order and intelligence system. All materials should be kept in perfect order and should be clean and well maintained. Nothing should be missing so, when the