How theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice

1424 words 6 pages
CYP Core 31
2.3

How theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice

Theories of development and frameworks to support development are incredibly important to us working with children and young people. They help us to understand children, how they react to things/situations, their behaviour and the ways they learn. Different theories and ways of working with children have come together to provide frameworks for children’s care, such as Early year’s foundation stage (EYFS) which is used within all child care settings. This encourages us to work together, help and check the development of babies, children and young people, to keep them healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to
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Jean Piaget - constructivist
Piaget was a zoologist who became interested in children’s development after working on intelligence tests. He noted that children often gave similar wrong answers to some questions. He used his own children to do observations. He suggested that children constructed or built up their thoughts according to their experiences of the world around them. He felt that their learning was an ongoing process and that children may have to adapt their ideas if new information contradicted their conclusion or ‘schema’ a term Piaget used. An example of his work was, a group a toddlers receive milk in a blue beaker and become to think that milk is just served in blue beakers, until one day they are given juice in a blue beaker, then they have to reconsider and realise juice, milk and other things come in blue beakers. Stages of learning in Piaget’s theory are:
Assimilation – the child constructs a theory (schema)
Equilibrium – the child experiences to date fit everything (so everything balances)
Disequilibrium – an experience occurs that casts doubt on the schema (things don’t add up)
Accommodation - the child changes the original schema to fit in the new piece of experience or information.

Lev Vgotsky - constructivist
Vgotsky believed children’s social

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