Explain How Children and Young People’s Development Is Influenced by a Range of Personal and External Factors. 2.1 and 2.2

2844 words 12 pages
Cypc 31.2 task2
Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal and external factors. 2.1 And 2.2
Personal Factors * During pregnancy-: If the mother smokes ,takes drugs, becomes ill or suffers from stress or anxiety this can result in premature birth and health problems for the baby such as -: low birth weight, undeveloped organs, problems with sight and hearing. These are all problems that could delay their development. Some children are born with conditions that could affect their development such as a blood disorder. * Health-: health problems can be genetic or caused by the environment the child grows up in. If the child lives in poor quality houses with damp this could trigger
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Schemas are a pattern of behaviour that begins from birth. Children tend to have more than one schema; they start out simple and develop if supported. There are many types of schema e.g.
Transporting moving toys or objects from one area to another-filling up a handbag with items and carrying it around the room.
Orientation interested in different points of view e.g. Looks at the front of a poster and then turns it over to see what’s on the back.
Assembling, making piles, structured arrangements e.g. lining up trains, stacking blocks or beakers.
We can identify the Childs schemas and help extend them to give more interest. Schemas are a way of supporting children and extending their learning through their interest. A child will have an area in which they are mainly interested; to see how this interest works they repeat an action over and over until they understand it. When children follow their interest it helps them develop concentration and learning.

We use schemas today to help us identify the type of play that interests them, we can then set out activities and items to extend that play and help their development.
Piaget looked at the different stages of development which he believed are influenced in Children’s thinking, he grouped their cognitive development into four stages * 1. sensor-motor age 0-2 years development of object permanence is a child’s ability


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