Assignment 378 Understand How to Support Individuals with Autistic Spectrum Conditions
Outcome 1 Understand the main characteristics of autistic spectrum conditions
Autism spectrum condition affects a range of different individuals and is a spectrum condition and affects people in a number of different ways. It is important when supporting an individual with autism to identify and recognise each individuals’ abilities – what they can do successfully, needs – what the individual needs support with, strengths and gifts – what the individual is good at, what they have a real talent in, and interests – what is motivating for the person.
Autism has a range of diagnostic criteria. This was described by Wing and Gould (1979) as the Triad of Impairments. The triad consists of: * Problems with social interactions
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This impacts significantly on everyday functioning, whereby an individual may not be able to communicate their needs effectively, may have difficulty in social situations, may find everyday sensory input distressing or painful, and changes in everyday life difficult to deal with resulting in a high anxiety level. | Parent of an individual on the autism spectrum | Parents of individuals on the autism spectrum can be highly impacted in everyday lives due to the needs of their child. Having to care for and change everyday life to accommodate their child can be difficult. They may have to ensure that a high level of observation is maintained to ensure their child’s safety, which can put huge demands on the parents. | Sibling of an individual on the autism spectrum | Siblings of those with ASC can be affected in their everyday lives due to the need of their siblings. Due to parents having to “focus” on the sibling with ASC, neuro-typical siblings can often feel jealous or “left out” due to not having much attention. They may also feel restricted due to the changes required to meet the needs of their ASC sibling. | Others close to those on the autism spectrum | Others close to those on the autism spectrum can have their everyday lives affected due to the changes required for the individual with ASC. |
When looking at how an individual on the autism spectrum are impacted within their