Developmental Psychology

14082 words 57 pages
QUESTION 1: THEORISTS HAVE A CERTAIN POINT OF VIEW ON THE BASIC ISSUES UNDERLYING CHILD DEVELOPMENT. DETERMINE, DISCUSS AND EVALUATE THE POINT OF VIEW OF VYGOTSKY’S SOCIOCULTURAL THEORY AND THE INFORMATION PROCESSING APPROACH WITH REGARD TO THE ISSUES UNDERLYING CHILD DEVELOPMENT
* THE COURSE OF DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUOUS OR DISCONTINUOUS)
* THE COURSE OF DEVELOPMENT: ONE OR MANY
* FACTORS THAT DETERMINE DEVELOPMENT (NATURE/NURTURE)

Introduction
Child development has many theories with different ideas about what children are like and how they change. Children are beings who change physically, cognitively emotionally and socially. There are many different theories and they all take a stand on 3 basic issues: Is the course of
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He said little about biological contributions to children’s cognition. His theory doesn’t address how elementary, motor, perceptual memory and problem solving capacities spark changes in children’s social experiences from which more advanced cognition springs. His theory is also vague in its explanation of cognitive change.

The information processing approach has provided a wealth of detailed evidence on how younger vs. older and more skilled vs. less-skilled individuals attend, remember, reason and solve problems. It also has contributed greatly to the design of teaching techniques that advance many aspects of children’s thinking. It, however, overlooks aspects of cognition that isn’t linear and logical such as imagination and creativity. Neither do computers have desires, interest and intentions nor can they engage in interactions with others as children do. Because of the narrowness of the computer metaphor, information processing has not told us much about the links between cognition and other areas of development and has only recently responded to growing interest in the biological basis of cognitive development.

QUESTION 2: “RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY ARE THE KEYS TO SCIENTIFICALLY SOUND RESEARCH”. DISCUSS THIS STATEMENT BY REFERRING TO THE FOLLOWING RESEARCH METHODS: SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION, SELF-REPORTS(INTERVIEWS AND

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