Describe and Evaluate Any Two Theories in Developmental Psychology
By Aimee Kaur
This paper will focus on two theories in moral development within developmental Psychology. There are three components to our morality; these are emotional, cognitive and behavioural.
Shaffer (1993) described morals as a “set of principles or ideals that help the individual to distinguish right from wrong and to act on this decision”
In his book 'The Moral Judgement of the Child' (1932), Piaget states that 'all morality consists in a system of rules.' Piaget believed that children develop morality through a series of stages and conducted an experiment using marbles with children. He found younger children just accepted the rules of the game and didn’t …show more content…
In the experiment the children were learning how to be aggressive without any direct tuition. Bandura stated that moral development in children is learned by observing, internalising and then copying the behaviour and moral judgements of the adults around them. This was shown in the BoBo experiment by the children copying the aggressive behaviour towards the doll.
The findings in Bandura’s experiment showed that children will replicate behaviour as a way of learning what is right and wrong reasoning. It also indicated that children will imitate behaviour they see in a model that is similar to them. The boys in the experiment displayed a gender bias showing a higher response rate to a male model than female.
The limitations of Bandura’s study is that it was in a controlled environment that could be replicated and manipulated, controlled laboratory studies tend to have low ecologically validity. Also the child and the model are strangers therefore the model has had no previous influence over the child’s moral reasoning. The ethical issue of the experiment is also a valid criticism, what is the long term, if any, effects of the experiment on the child. Will exposure to such aggression carry on in the child’s behavior? Although this is unlikely we cannot guarantee this. Mischel (1970) also supported Bandura’s SLT and he proposed that morals are learned through