Adolescent Substance Abuse

1644 words 7 pages
Running Header: Substance Abuse

Adolescent Substance Abuse
Dana Sweitzer
Liberty University

Abstract Adolescent substance abuse is a major problem in society. There are many risk factors that can contribute to adolescent substance abuse. One of the main risk factors is peer pressure. When adolescents start at a young age there is an increase in health problems, addiction, and over all poor social outcomes. Parental influence has substantial effect on adolescents because the adolescent sees their parents and they learn by their example. Media plays a role in the use of drug and alcohol use among young people. Many school systems have implemented programs that teach adolescents about the problems of substance abuse that is funded
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(Scull, Kupersmidt, Parker, Elmore, & Benson, 2010)
Substance abuse in adolescents can lead to risky behaviors. Many adolescents that start at an early age in drinking alcohol are more likely to smoke marijuana and have unprotected sex. They are also involved in motor vehicle crashes. Substance abuse can lead to anxiety, suicidal ideation and depression. Substance abuse can increase violent behaviors and lead to domestic violence. (Pediatrics, 2010)
The government has many laws in place to help decrease underage drinking. Many states have laws that make drinking alcohol under the age of 21 illegal. They also have laws that make driving while under the influence illegal. Funding for states may depend on these laws and how the state enforces them. There are programs that are government funded to help teach adolescents about drugs and alcohol. This education gives the adolescents information on what the drugs and alcohol can do to their body. Mothers against drunken driving (MADD) is an organization that provides information about drinking and driving and the dangers behind it. The program known as Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) was implemented in elementary and middle schools to help educate adolescents about drugs before they start experimenting with them. The Healthy People 2010 goals are to reduce the number of people that are involved in alcohol traffic accidents, emergency room visits, and deaths related to


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