Prostate Cancer is a disease in which there is an uncontrolled growth of cells that lines the ducts of the prostate gland. The abnormal cells can spread throughout the prostate and nearby organs, such as the seminal vesicles. If not caught early they can spread (metastasized) to other organs of the body through the lymph or blood stream. (“...Treatment...” 13) Prostate Cancer can be like a silent killer. Some may show signs and symptoms of this disease while others may not. Some symptoms may include frequent urination, blood in the urine or semen, delayed or slowed start of urinary stream and dribbling or leakage of urine. Diagnosis testing for Prostate Cancer are digital …show more content…
In addition, a biopsy can also detect Prostate Cancer. This method is preformed to obtain samples of Prostate tissue, which are then examined by pathologists to make a formal diagnosis of Prostate Cancer. A biopsy is the only test that can confirm Prostate Cancer.
Treatment options depend on stage of the cancer, the patient’s age and general health. Most common is surgery. Radical Prostatectomy to remove the prostate and some of the tissue around it is an option when the cancer has not spread beyond the prostate gland, normally done by robotic surgery.
Radiation Therapy is another treatment option. High powered x-ray or Radioactive Seeds are used to kill the cancer. Radiation therapy works best to treat prostate cancer that has not spread outside of the prostate may also be used for pain relief when cancer has spread.
Prostate tumors need testosterone to grow. Hormone Therapy is ant treatment that decreases the effect of testosterone on prostate cancer. This treatment can prevent further growth and spread of cancer.
In conclusion prostate cancer is the third leading cause of death in men of ages 50 and older. (“Fact Sheet”) The cause to this disease is unknown but the symptoms vary from frequent urination to slowed or delayed start of urination. This cancer can be