Learning and Memory
Learning is the process of gaining knowledge or skills through study, experience or teaching. It is a process that depends on experience and leads to long-term changes in the possible behaviour of an individual in a given situation, in order to achieve a goal.
Memory is a property of the human mind. It describes the ability to retain information. There are different types of classifications for memory based on duration, nature and retrieval of items.
The generally accepted classification of memory is based on how long you can remember an item or experience (memory retention), and identifies three types of memory: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
The sensory memory corresponds …show more content…
Retrieval is the process of actually remembering something when you want to. Information can be retrieved through visualising it, thinking about the meaning, or imagining the sound, etc.
When a person is having difficulty remembering something it is the retrieval of the memory that is failing. Often it is the way you learn the information that can help you retrieve memories. For example:
Organising and ordering information can significantly improve memory. Imagine, for example, how difficult it would be to remember a random list of 62 letters. On the other hand, it would not be difficult to memorise the first sentence in this paragraph (consisting of 62 letters). By organising and adding meaning to the material