Learning and Memory

1187 words 5 pages
xxLEARNING AND MEMORY

Learning is the process of gaining knowledge or skills through study, experience or teaching. It is a process that depends on experience and leads to long-term changes in the possible behaviour of an individual in a given situation, in order to achieve a goal.

Memory is a property of the human mind. It describes the ability to retain information. There are different types of classifications for memory based on duration, nature and retrieval of items.

The generally accepted classification of memory is based on how long you can remember an item or experience (memory retention), and identifies three types of memory: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory

The sensory memory corresponds
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The memory, once it has entered your brain and been encoded needs to be stored. Storage is the process of holding information in your memory. A distinction is often made between short-term and long-term memory. The transfer of information from short-term to long-term memory can be achieved in many ways. Simply repeating the information can help if it's repeated enough times, although simply repeating, or practising, something can help move it into long-term memory, another way to transfer information is to elaborate on the information. Making connections between what you are trying to remember and the other things that you already remember
Retrieval is the process of actually remembering something when you want to. Information can be retrieved through visualising it, thinking about the meaning, or imagining the sound, etc.

When a person is having difficulty remembering something it is the retrieval of the memory that is failing. Often it is the way you learn the information that can help you retrieve memories. For example:
Organising and ordering information can significantly improve memory. Imagine, for example, how difficult it would be to remember a random list of 62 letters. On the other hand, it would not be difficult to memorise the first sentence in this paragraph (consisting of 62 letters). By organising and adding meaning to the material

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