Unit 9 - Health and Social Care

9074 words 37 pages
Introduction
Throughout this assignment I am going to be looking into the health and social topic of communicable and non-communicable diseases. I will be investigating into various aspects of two specific diseases. A high level of knowledge will be demonstrated with a detailed description of both communicable and non-communicable diseases as well as an understanding of epidemiology. I will then find a communicable and non-communicable disease example and describe the biological basis of each disease with an explanation to how the body responds to the disease. A list of at least three of the different signs and symptoms which are produced and displayed with the disease will then be shown. The changes shown as a result from the disease
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With many infectious diseases in the world such as influenza and HIV, the data attempts to understand the factors which influence the number of cases of a disease at any one time. It also attempts to understand how it is distributed and how to control it. It is however equally applicable to the many diseases of the Western world which have seen diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. The Epidemiological information is either two types. The first type is information which gives an individual an overall picture of the population’s health at any one time. This is otherwise known as incident data. The second type, which is commonly known as trend data, is information which shows individuals trends over a certain period of time. There is also Ill-health data, which mainly deals with illness and death. It is frequently collected by health organisations and is then transferred and interpreted by a range of organisations. One main organisation is the Office for National Statistics.
Epidemiologist’s main aim is to identify the factors which cause a particular disease or the transmission of a disease. They aim to prevent the transmission of both communicable and non-communicable diseases as well as their conditions. Data collection methods are used in order to collect data about a population and their environment and this helps

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