The Rational Model of Policy & Decision Making

2798 words 12 pages
Selected Essays by Lefoko O. Molebatsi (2001) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public Policy and Policy Analysis: The Rational Model Question: The rational model of public policy making, though heavily criticized, is the most widely used and or talked about model. Discuss why. By Lefoko O. Molebatsi (University of Botswana) Instructor: Prof G. S Maipose 2001


Selected Essays by Lefoko O. Molebatsi (2001) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Introduction

According to Dunn (1994:330), rationality is a self conscious process of using explicit reasoned arguments to make and
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It assists in posing the question, why is policymaking not a more rational process9, hence the perpetual talk and or utilization of the same within public and business policymaking circles.


Selected Essays by Lefoko O. Molebatsi (2001) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Rational Comprehensive Theory

Perhaps the best-known theory of decision-making is the rational comprehensive theory. It draws considerably from the economist‟s view of how a rational person would make decisions as well as from theories of rational decision-making developed by mathematicians, psychologists, and other social scientists10. Perhaps it is worth noting that the rational comprehensive theory specifies the procedures involved in making well-considered decisions that maximize the attainment of goals, whether personal or organizational. The rational-comprehensive theory usually subsumes these elements: 1. The decision-maker is confronted with a problem that can be separated from other problems or at least considered meaningfully with them. 2. The goals, values or objectives that guide the decision-maker are known and can be clarified and ranked according to their importance. 3. The various alternatives for dealing with the problem are examined. 4. The consequences (costs and benefits, advantages and disadvantages) that would


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