Terrorism – Is There Any Working Global Frameworks to Counter It?
By Zuzanna Sadowska
On the 22nd of September 2003 Kofi Annan, UN Secretary-General, organized a conference “Fighting Terrorism for Humanity” in New York City. He opened the summit with words: “Terrorism will only be defeated if we act to solve the political disputes or long-standing conflicts that generate support for it. (…) If we do not, we should find ourselves acting as recruiting sergeants for the very terrorists. We have to win hearts and minds.” The causes of terrorism may be inter alia historical, economical, religious or ideological, and there is no way to entirely eliminate it from our world. Preventing terrorism needs complete understanding of the phenomenon and …show more content…
According to the League of Nations Convention from 1937, terrorism is: “All criminal action against countries whose goal is to create a state of terror in the minds of people, groups of people or society.”
After the war, United Nations attempted to define terrorism. Unfortunately it faced numerous problems, which prevented that. During the Cold War, terrorism has become one of the methods of struggle between the empires and often the only weapon of liberation movements. Especially great emotions aroused as a result of a discussion on this topic after the murder of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games in Munich in 1972. The Arab, Asian and African claimed that the condemnation of terrorism is a condemnation of all liberation movements and consent to the stronger power over the weak. Yasser Arafat in a similar veil. Many countries, such as Algeria, Cyprus and Israel indirectly owe their independence to nationalist terrorist organizations. For this reason, UN today has not developed one, coherent definition of terrorism.
The UN Security Council condemned terrorism only in 1999. In a resolution we read: “We strongly condemn all acts, methods and practices of