Temperature Pattern Exercise
EXERCISE 10 PART 1 1. Is the temperature contrast between the equator and the Arctic region greatest in the winter or summer?
Temperature contrast between the equator and the Arctic region is greatest in the winter. Temperatures near or at the equator only change a few degrees between winter and summer while the Arctic region changes drastically up to 40 degrees between the seasons.
2. (a) Were latitude the only control of temperature, the isotherms would run straight across the maps from east to west. Describe one region of the world where this hypothetical isotherm pattern is actually observed.
(b) Why is the hypothetical pattern seen here?
Answer. …show more content…
EXERCISE 10 PART 3 1. What explains the different temperature patterns of St. Louis and Oakland?
Answer. The pattern most associated with the temperature difference is land-water contrasts. Land heats and cools faster and more intensely than water. With Oakland next to the Pacific Ocean and St. Louis centralized on land in the Continental United States, this answer makes more sense.
2. Why is the warmest month of summer different in St. Louis and Oakland?
Answer. The winds coming off the ocean in Oakland keep the summer cooler than the summers you would experience in St. Louis. With St. Louis found in the interior of the United States and not close to the ocean, the land that it sits on heats up more rapidly and reaches a higher temperature than a comparable city near a water surface subject to the same insolation. (Hess, 2011, p. 81).
Hess, D. (2011). Mcknight's Physical Geography; A Landscapes Appreciation. (10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
3. Why does St. Louis have colder winters than Norfolk?
Answer. With Norfolk next to the Atlantic Ocean while St. Louis is centralized in the United States, the temperatures in winter differentiate due to St. Louis not near an ocean to help mitigate the crisp winters and Norfolk does. Land cools more rapidly than water. Water