Summaries of Images of Organizations

4781 words 20 pages
Social Science Portfolio
Images of Organizations

By
Robert Quartey
Date: 20th Dec 2012

TABLE OF CONTENT SS2 ACTIVITY 1 3 SS2 ACTIVITY 2 6 SS2 ACTIVITY 3 9 SS2 ACTIVITY 4 12 SS2 ACTIVITY 5 15 SS2 ACTIVITY 6 19

SS2 ACTIVITY 1

“What is an organization”
In my opinion, an organization is basically members of a working group that are structured and allocated various tasks with the aim of achieving a common goal.

“A visit to Mcdonald’s”
Q.1 In what ways does a Mcdonald’s retail outlet resemble a machine?
Mcdonalds resembles a machine in the following ways: * A machine usually consists of different parts achieving a common goal. For instance, a car engine would consist of different parts such the alternator, cylinders, injection
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An organic organization is basically organizations adapting to their environments. This could be its internal (within the organization) or external (competition) environment. Organic organizations take into account the needs, ideas and opinions of its employees. Another essential feature of such an organization is factoring in the effects of competition and the trend changes in the market. The managerial structure is democratic as compared to the authoritarian nature of mechanic organizations. Such organizations are suitable for unpredictable markets that rely on quick advancement in technology rather than standardized products. Jim Rawls thinks that Omega is quite a small company and thus employees in different functions can coordinate and solve problems themselves. As compared to Omega, Acme has a decentralized management approach and promotes lateral communication between the various functions. Management make decisions as a whole rather than just follow orders and decisions made from one president.

Q2.
How can you explain Acme effectiveness in contrast to Omegas? What factors might change it?
The effectiveness of both companies can be assessed on the structure of their organizations with the advantages and disadvantages attached to them;
Since Acme has a mechanistic structure, general procedures would be implemented and employees generally follow them. For such an industry, whereby there are high volumes of producing standardized products

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