Psychology Paper and Self Reflection
Self-Reflection Related to Influential Psychology Theories When psychologists were first acknowledged they began studying behaviors and biological processes. There are numerous recognized psychologists that have contributed to the seven major perspectives of today’s modern psychology. These theories include: Evolutionary theory, sociocultural theory, biopsychological theory, psychoanalytic theory, cognitivism, humanistic theory and behaviorism. The three theories that I would like to describe, analyze and reflect upon are the behaviorism, cognitivism and psychoanalytic. The term “behaviorism” developed from the renowned behavioral psychologist named
John B. Watson (Molm, 2005). Many influential theorists became associated with
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I tested my step daughter who is an eight years old. I wanted to see if she had already advanced to the formal operational stage or if she remained in the concrete operational stage. It was rewarding for me to perform the test of “conservation of liquids” (Younger et al., p.258). My findings were that she still remained in the concrete operational stage but was happy to be part of the test. Piaget has made huge contributions to the cognitivism theory and this is just one of them.
In order for me to be in the practical nursing course I think I have a good mix of life experience, a positive environment and most importantly motivation which was a result of my healthy cognitive development. I believe my achievements in life are from believing in myself and knowing that I create my own success by using my skills, attitude and experience. There are also a few of Albert Bandura’s concepts that I have learned about I can relate to directly. His concepts of “cognitive expectancies” and “self efficacy” describe how I am where I am today and how I will keep on succeeding (Younger et al., 2010, p. 344).
Lastly the psychological perspective to be discussed is the psychoanalytic theory. The main contributor to this theory was Sigmund Freud. The psychoanalytic theory goes hand in hand with the psychodynamic theory. Although they differ quite significantly the psychodynamic theory developed from Freud’s theory. These theories both describe