Organizational Behavior, Chapter 7

1787 words 8 pages
Victoria Phillips
Organizational Leadership
Chapter 7

QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW

1. What are the three key elements of motivation?

The three key elements of motivation are intensity, direction and persistence. Intensity refers to the amount of effort a person exerts or how hard they try. Direction refers to how the intensity is channeled to benefit the organization. Persistence measures how long a person can maintain effort.

2. What are some early theories of motivation? How applicable are they today?

The four theories of motivation listed in the text are Mazlow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Theory X, Theory Y, Two-Factor Theory, and McClelland’s Theory of Needs. Mazlow’s theory dictates that people must work in order to fulfill more
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ETHICAL DILEMMA

1. I would agree that many college students around my age (early twenties) spend a lot of time taking part in social activities rather than school related activities. Just based on what I’ve seen and heard from my peers, many of them are much more concerned about going out with friends than coming home and working on an assignment. In fairness, seeing others and having social interactions is usually more fun and inwardly fulfilling at the time, but it shouldn’t be a priority. I spend all of my time working and then dedicate the rest of my time to school. I’m sure there are others that have found a good balance. 2. I believe that people are individuals in charge of their own actions. I do think that students should exert more effort if someone else is paying their way, but people will make their own mistakes. If someone is paying for their own courses, it’s to their discretion how they spend their time, free of ethical constraint. 3. It is concerning that people spend considerably less time studying. I think people know what they need to know, when they need to know it, and then let the knowledge go once they’ve made use of it. I don’t know that the economy would increase if people applied themselves more to their studies as there are so many factors involved, but it couldn’t hurt.

CASE INCIDENT 1

1. The executive compensation rate relates to equity theory because boards are using

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