Kashmir Conflict

4868 words 20 pages
South Asia has been plagued with several global-impact conflicts. A particular conflict still in stalemate today is the Kashmir conflict between the Republic of India and Pakistan. Since the British granted independence to India and Pakistan in 1947 there has been much contention as to where the partition should be in the Kashmir and Jammu region. The newborn states of India and Pakistan (East and West) were created along religious lines in fear of Hindu subjugation of the Muslim minority. Kashmir in this sense is a perplexing issue since it is a poly-ethnic region and the only state within India holding a Muslim majority. India’s legal claims to India have been ratified and accepted by the Kashmiri government, however conflict between the …show more content…

Early to mid 1900s saw the Indian Independence movement take momentum with the British devising schemes to decolonize their crown colony. The Muslim League headed by Mohomed Ali Jinnah, which was a political party formed under British rule, indicated concerns of an all-united India and on this basis the Two-Nation Theory was initiated: “Islam and Hinduism are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders... The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, and literatures... To yoke together two such nations under a single State, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and the final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a State (Jaffrelot 12).”

By recognizing the concerns of the Muslim league the British considered to allow regions of Muslim majority to be included in a state independent of the Hindu-populated areas. That being the case the Two-Nation Theory envisioned a sovereign Muslim state of Pakistan and East Pakistan, a country born solely based on religious nationalism. We can now come to the partitioning process in 1946, whereby the princes of the Indian subcontinent were urged to sign ‘instruments of accession’ to join with either the newly formed Pakistan or India. Official independence for India and Pakistan was given royal assent on July 18, 1947 and


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