Explain Different Psychological Approaches to Health Practice.

1123 words 5 pages
Afiya Hinds
733788
Unit 8
(P2) – Explain different psychological approaches to health practice.
(P3) – Explain different psychological approaches to social care practice.
In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social care practice will be outlined and explained.
Health practice is the act of a care professional that performs activities, methods and treatments in order to keep an individual health whether it is to do with diet, exercise, or bad habits such as smoking and excessive drinking.
Social care practice is the act of a care professional that concentrates on and supports the social and personal needs of an individual. This can be demonstrated with activities and methods such as
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The care provider may encourage the individual to boost their confidence using different activities and methods but it is ultimately up to the individual to change their way of thinking.
Humanistic Approach
The humanistic approach as explained in P1, suggests that for an individual to grow as a person, they need an environment that provides them with genuineness, acceptance, and empathy. If an individual has all of these components, self-actualisation will take place.
(P2) – This approach can be applied in health practice such as a hospital. For example, if a service user does not feel as if they have all the components to cater to their basic needs, they may seek assistance from a hospital for shelter, and safety and food.
(P3) – This approach can be applied in social care practice such as foster care. For example, if a child or a young person is not able to meet their needs within a family home, they may need to live in a foster home to fulfil their safety or basic needs. Cognitive Approach
The cognitive approach as explained in P1, suggests that there are four stages that all include abstract level of thought. Each stage occurs in the same order, and builds on what the individual learned in the previous stage.
(P2) – This approach can be applied in health practice such as a health clinic. For example, if a service user is unsure of what is the healthiest way of looking after their unborn child, they may attend classes that teach them the best

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