Comparison Between Alexander Ii and Iii

1572 words 7 pages
COMPARATIVE ESSAY BETWEEN ALEXANDER II AND III

Tsar Alexander II and III while father and son had very different ambitions as Tsar and different view for the future of the empire. Alexander III succeeded to his father’s throne in 1894. His reign is looked upon by most historians as a time of repression that saw the undoing of many of the reforms carried out by his father. Certainly that was a time of great economic and social change but these had led, in the West of the nation, great pressure on political system. However Alexander was deeply suspicious of the direction in which his father had taken Russia and the internal reforms that he instituted were designed to correct what he saw as the too-liberal tendencies of his father's reign.
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In the towns and cities in 1870, municipal councils, dumas, were set up with similar responsibilities. Larger cities were given a different status, with commandants to run them. When Alexander II’s son came to power, angry for the death of his father, made a lot of reforms for reduce the power that his father gave to the people. In fact Alexander III leaves zemstva and dumas but he took their power as much as he can. Also a committee of government of ministers was set up. They had power on the press and the power to censor anything harmful to the government. Finally Alexander abolished the poll tax.
Under Alexander II rule was created a climate of freedom. In this atmosphere of toleration and reform there was a rapid growth of private schools. Infect in 1870 were authorized the first schools for offer girls non-vocational education. Behind this growth we can found the zemstava who gave money for the improvement in literacy and from 1914 they ran almost the half of all primary schools. These reforms touch also universities, for example scholars were able to go to live and study abroad and was introduced a new breed of liberal professors. By 1859the state also exempted the poor from the fees and two-thirds of all students at Moscow University were exempt. Soon professors and students were engaged in fundamental discussions about the future of Russia. Instead under Alexander

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