Physical punishment was very common. In the past corporal punishment was by not only applied to children. It was used on adults as well. In England from the Middle Ages whipping was a common punishment for minor crimes. In the 18th century whipping or flogging was a common punishment in the British army and navy. This type of punishment was abolished in England in 1881. (Lambert P.2)
From the Middle Ages to the late 20th century children were disciplined with rods or rulers in schools, work and at home. (Lambert P.2 )
After the Bible a lot of …show more content…
Rousseau also coached parents to carefully supervise education, where the parent either educated or entrusted a knowledgeable teacher. Material was to be subjective and was to be carefully controlled. Today we see Rousseaus ideology in our culture in permissive parents and open classrooms. Classrooms where the students choose subject matter is closely related to Roussean educational philosophy.
John Wesley was the founder of the Methodist movement. Wesley concepts of childhood were deeply rooted in the Christian doctrine of original sin; children are born flawed and inherited the sins committed by Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. (James P. 98) Wesley was a proponent for corporal punishment. He was largely influenced by his mother Susanna Wesley who held set sleeping hours, family prayers, no food between meals, and using a rod for a corporal punishment for young children. ( Cleverly P. 29) Wesley looked down upon children having unsupervised time. He also did not allow play time or play days, every minute of the day was to be filled with purpose, whether by receiving religious instruction and prayer or by direct education. (Cleverly P. 30) “ Wesley's conceptions of innate child behavior have been credited with partially shaping everything from the mid-twentieth-century