Case Study 4
Part I—"Harry" Questions
1. What condition or conditions (disease/diseases) could Harry have as described in this case? Which one would be your primary diagnosis? In a very general explanation, describe this condition/disease. (1 point)
Harry suffers from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. This disease affects a person’s motor neurons affecting voluntary motor control by damaging both the upper motor neuron and lower motor neuron.
2. Which patient findings/observations lead you to your primary diagnosis? How do they relate to the primary diagnosis? (1 point)
It was Harry’s general weakness his clumsiness, and his suffering from extreme fatigue and weight loss …show more content…
3. How does this condition (pathophysiology) affect the body and lead to the observable symptoms and dysfunction? Be specific in the areas of the CNS it affects. (1 point)
Scientists believe that loss of cells in areas of the brain and body contributes to Parkinson’s. It is the death of these neurons in the brain that leads to loss of movement and coordination.
4. What treatment options are available for this condition? (1 point)
There are many medications to treat only the symptoms of Parkinson’s, but none yet that can actually reverse the effects of the disease.
5. What is the prevalence and prognosis of this condition? Is it an inheritable (genetic) condition/disease? (1 point)
Parkinson's is chronic and slowly progressive, meaning that symptoms continue and worsen over a period of years. However these symptoms vary from patient to patient some can decrease slowly or rapidly. The cause of Parkinson’s has yet to be discovered although there are scientist that believe that it could be inherited by genes as well as some who believe that it could be from environmental factors or both.
6. What types of care and health care support will Jim have to possibly depend upon in the future? What preparations should Jim make? (1 point)
Depending on the severity and progression of the disease some people could suffer from inconvenience while others may depend greatly on others to