Aspects of Development from Birth to 19 Years
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth ~ 19 years.
Aspects of a child and young person’s development include: vPhysical development: Gross motor skills (using large muscles such as arms and legs), fine motor skills (precise use of muscles such as hands and fingers). vSocial and Emotional: This is the development of a child’s identity and self image, the development of relationships and learning the skills of living in society. vIntellectual/communication: Learning the skills of understanding, communicating with others.
As every child grows at a different rate to each other so do other aspects of their personal development ~ therefore this is just a rough guide to a child and young person
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At around 7 years old a child is able to control a pencil in a small area and accurately use a pair of scissors. Some children may have a better understanding of making intricate models. Gross motor skills for a 4~7 year old can include jumping, riding a bicycle. They are able to run quickly, be skilled enough to hit a ball accurately with a bat and balance on a wall or beam. Some children may be capable of roller skating and get up without using their hands for support. vBoth skills (gross and motor) are being enhanced by the time a child has reached the age of 11. They will have improved on the physical skills they have already developed. Their body strength will have increased along with their balance and coordination. Children will have increased in both weight and height and some young girls from as young as 8, puberty may have begun. Breasts may start to develop and their menstruation cycle begins. Young adolescents’ fine motor skills will have enhanced and concentration can be held for longer which enables them to perform more complex tasks. Some children may have developed talents such as music, dancing and playing a musical instrument e.g. piano, cello or violin. A child’s writing will have improved and should now be learning how to write using ‘joined up writing’. vDuring adolescence, young people go through many changes as they move from childhood into teenagers. Between the ages of 11~16 a young girls breasts will have