History: World War I and Bold Experiments

7626 words 31 pages
Bold Experiments in an Era of­Industrialization,­1877–1929
This part covers the following chapters in Henretta et al., America’s History, Seventh Edition: Chapter­17­ The Busy Hive: Industrial America at Work, 1877–1911 Chapter 18 The Victorians Meet the Modern, 1880–1917 Chapter 19 “Civilization’s Inferno”: The Rise and Reform of Industrial Cities, 1880 –1917 Chapter 20 Whose Government? Politics, Populists, and Progressives, 1880 –1917 Chapter 21 An Emerging World Power, 1877–1918 Chapter 22 Wrestling with Modernity, 1918 –1929

Part 5

Essential Questions
After studying the chapters in Part 5, you should know how to answer the following questions: 1. Why and how did American society industrialize during the late nineteenth
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In their creative responses to the problems of a new industrial age, such reformers gave their name to the Progressive Era.

Economy: Industrialization and the rise of Corporations The post–Civil War economy grew rapidly, a trend intensified by industrial production during World War I. Millions of immigrants arrived from around the globe; though millions found places in the economy, Asians faced legal exclusion, and restrictions on overall numbers of immigrants were enacted in the 1920s. Giant corporations developed national and even global networks of production, marketing, and finance. Their complex structures opened new career opportunities for middle-class managers, salesmen, and women office workers. Traditional craftsmen, however, found themselves displaced, while factory workers and miners endured harsh conditions, low pay, and cycles of unemployment. Farmers also suffered from falling crop prices, caused by expanding world production. Politics and Law: State Building and Economic regulation The fierce struggles of post–Reconstruction politics centered on the scope of government power. In the 1880s, Republicans increasingly became champions of business. Though Republican Theodore Roosevelt championed key reforms during his presidency (1901–1909), much reform energy passed to other parties. The Greenback-Labor, People’s


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