| African Americans | | |
Christy B. |
June 5, 2011 |
Who are we, where did we come from, what has been our experience since we landed on United States soil? The migration of Africans has been very significant in the making of African Americans history and culture. Today's 35 million African Americans are heirs to all the migrations that have formed and transformed African America, the United States, and the Western Hemisphere (The New York Public Library, n.d.). African American history starts in the 1500s with the first Africans coming from Mexico and the Caribbean to the Spanish territories of Florida, Texas, and other parts of the South (The New York Public Library, n.d.). Although
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Martin Luther King Jr. that lasted a year. On November 13, 1956 the US Supreme Court declared the segregation of seating unconstitutional, leaving Rosa Parks known as “The mother of the civil rights movement.” Blacks continued to fight for equality as the majority of the white society could not get on the same page of equality and on August 28, 1963 more than 250,000 people white and black went to Washington to hear the “I have a dream speech,” of the civil rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., for the fight of equality and dream of harmony amongst all races. This speech touched many people and began to knock down many racial barriers, a give blacks the encouragement to stand up for what they believe in and fight for their right by knowing the law. Leading to many milestones in the African American history, to name a few: * April 4, 1968 – the world was saddened and stunned by the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. * April 10, 1968 – Fair Housing Act was established * June 1978 – Affirmative action, “reverse discrimination” was determined to be unconstitutional but still allowed for the use of racial diversity in schools and businesses * In 1984 – Jesse Jackson encourages Black Americans to vote and know the importance of being politically aware. * In 1986 – Oprah Winfrey launches her syndicated talk show * March 3, 1991 – California police officers are video-taped beating a black for allegedly resisting arrest.