Anaphylaxis can be defined as a life threatening and sometimes fatal allergic reaction. It is an allergic reaction that involves several organ systems simultaneously. When you are experiencing this severe reaction, symptoms will manifest in the lungs, skin, throat, nose, or gastrointestinal tract. This type of allergic episode is sometimes called anaphylactic shock, although you may experience this severe allergic event without going into shock, and this would entail a precipitous drop in blood pressure.
Anaphylaxis usually occurs after an individual has been initially exposed to an allergen. After that first exposure, the person becomes highly sensitized to that particular allergen. When they are exposed once again, …show more content…
The primary treatment for anaphylaxis is epinephrine. For those individuals prone to serious allergy attacks, physicians will most likely recommend that they carry an EpiPen, AnaKit, or Twinjects, so that epinephrine can be administered during a life threatening attack. The syringe in these kits is designed for one single use and the medication works to counter mast cell mediators by helping blood vessels to constrict. There have been studies indicating that pharmacists are the most likely health professionals to show patients the proper use of the epinephrine auto-injectors. Also, many pharmacies have dummy injectors which they can use when training patients, and this has shown to be quite helpful. Once individuals are trained in the physical administration of their auto-injector, they are advised to