Unit 1 Study Guide

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Chapter 1
- Which one of the following is not a role for bioremediation?
Curing infectious diseases

- All of the following are examples of new emerging infectious diseases except
- Normal microbiota: Beneficial microbial inhabitants of the body
- Golden Age of Microbiology: Rapid discovery of basic microbiology principles - Re-emerging diseases: Once controlled by preventative public health measures they are now on the rise - Prions: Resistant to the usual sterilization procedures for pathogens - Spontaneous generation: The converse of biogenesis - Acellular infectious agent: Chemical composition includes RNA or DNA
- In the scientific name Bacillus anthracis, the term Bacillus is the genus name

- include
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tative microorganisms, and endospores Pasteurization: Pathogenic microorganisms, not endospores Gamma radiation: Vegetative microorganisms, not endospores Filtration: Pathogenic microorganisms, not endospores Ultra-high-temperature (UHT) processing: Vegetative microorganisms, not endospores
When food has been salted water diffuses out of microorganisms causing them to shrivel

Chapter 6
- The Krebs cycle accounts for all the following except production of pyruvate from glucose
- Heat is useful in the destruction of bacteria because heat denatures enzymes by altering their tertiary structures
- 10.99956 out of 13 points
- yields pyruvate for use in the TCA cycle: Glycolysis
- requires cytochromes for electron transport: Oxidative phosphorylation
- requires electrons eventually be passed to NADPH: Photosynthesis
- Requires energy from light to take place: Photosynthesis
- ends with acceptance of electrons by oxygen atoms: Oxidative phosphorylation
- starts with the oxidation of NADH: TCA Cycle
- requires an "investment" of 2 ATP's: Glycolysis
- uses chlorophyll as the pigment in the cyanobacteria: Photosynthesis
- results in the formation of water: Photosynthesis
- is essentially the opposite of aerobic respiration: Photosynthesis
- begins with a glucose molecule: Glycolysis
- results in the net gain of 2 ATP's: Glycolysis
- generates two carbon dioxide molecules per turn: TCA Cycle
- Which one of the following does not involve a