The Rise and Fall of Communism in the Soviet Union
We must move forward particularly in power engineering, chemistry, machine building, metallurgy and the fuel industry. We must specialize enterprises on a broader scale, see to the integrated mechanization and automation of production processes and apply the achievements of modern science and technology and the experience of innovators more rapidly in production. Steady growth of labor productivity and reduction of production costs and improvements in the quality of output must become law for all Soviet enterprises. We must strive for a level of industrial and agricultural development that will enable us to meet the public's demand for manufactured goods and foodstuffs ever more fully. Funds that accumulate as a result of over fulfillment of industrial output plans should be channeled primarily to agriculture, light industry, the food industry and other consumer goods industries.”
Khrushchev initiated a new policy called the New Course. This policy placed an emphasis on an increased standard of living and light industry and agriculture. He also lifted the burden on farmers to meet their quotas. Khrushchev’s views were not in accord with command system, and many believed his term marked the beginning of the end of communism in the Soviet Union. Leonid Brezhnev became the second Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, replacing Nikita Khrushchev, in 1964.