Research Paper: Crime Prevention Strategies

2488 words 10 pages
Contents Page

Executive Summary……………………………………………………………………………...............4

Research Question (or hypothesis)...………………………………………………………...………….4

Research (including methodology)……………………………………………………………...............4

Literature Review………………………………………………………………………………………..4

Findings…………………………………………………………………………………………..............6

Discussion………………………………………………………………………………………………...7

Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………..8

Reference List……………………………………………………………………………………………9

Executive Summary

The focus of this paper will be based upon different crime prevention strategies implemented by members of the communities, local and government authorities.
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One of the limitations of creating community based crime prevention and linking the citizens to crime and criminal is that it creates social divisions between citizens. Usually the higher and middle class citizens are involved in community project and the lower class citizens are left out. This makes the lower class citizens inferior and targeted for being the ones who are expected to commit acts of crime. This creates a division of ‘us’ (higher class) and ‘them’ (lower class). Ward (1997, p. 4) suggests “situational crime prevention approach may displace crime, tends to benefit middle and upper classes at the expense of the poor people, and may increase the fear of crime. It also may create a siege mentality, isolating individuals and families.” He then further states that complaints, of disturbances, made to the police are not always filed. Firstly, the police are given the authority to decide whether the complaint is serious enough, secondly if the victim and criminal have met before and finally judging by the victims social class (Ward 1997, p. 5). In order to effectively reduce crime, relationships between communities and local authorities need to be addressed. The presence of police may be quite contradictory to residents, it can be comforting for some but disturbing for others. If residents are not aware of

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