Mesopotamia and Egypt Comparison Essay

1182 words 5 pages
Known as one of the earliest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt both share set amounts of similarities along with a share of striking distinctions. Environmentally, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings, yet their weather patterns show distinctions. Politically, both governments derived from a monarch, yet their laws and punishments distinguished the two’s court systems. Economically, they both shared prosperous success in similar manners. Socially, although the two lands followed a hierarchy, the value of women contrasted. Culturally, they both believed in a higher order of creation; however, their views of them were polar opposites. Intellectually, these two societies developed skilled abilities and creations that …show more content…
Women, conversely, were treated and thought of differently. The Egyptians believed in equality of women and marked them decently high in terms of respect records show. In Mesopotamia, women were much considered inferior compared to men. Anthropologists theorize that women lost social standing and freedom with the spread of agriculture. The standing of women seems to have declined further in the second millennium B.C.E., perhaps because of the rise of an urbanized middle class and an increase in private wealth.

Culturally, these two river valley civilizations both believed in a higher order of creation. Similar to one another, both practiced polytheism or the belief and worship of more than one God. However, their views of these deities were polar opposites. Optimistic by the stability of their environment, Egyptians conceived a positive notion of the God’s designs for humankind. They believed that despite the hardships their people went through, the righteous spirit could journey to the next world and look forward to a blessed existence. In contrast the Mesopotamians believed that due to the harsh conditions they went through were signs of the displeasure of the gods, and they needed to appease them in order to survive the unpredictable world they lived in. Along with a strong belief of the afterlife, Egyptians built lavish tombs within gracious pyramids to honor their pharaoh so that as they live among the deities, he will aid in bringing prosperity to the

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