Management Theory and Practice

3219 words 13 pages
Introduction

There is no particular definition of an organization. Different authors have defined organization in different ways. Therefore, organization can be define as an institute where a group of people work together to achieve certain goals and objectives. Organization has a distinct purpose and follows a particular strategy to goals or set of goals. Whereas structure is the manner, in which something is build. This structure defines and limits the behavior of the members of an organization. In an organization to achieve certain objectives, a structure is very important. The structure of an organization can be different level of managers and how are they commanding their employees to work properly in an organization.
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G.A.Cole also has a different view towards organizational structure. He says that an organization structure is a concept that used to describe intangible thing. It can be an intangible web of relationships between people, their shared purposes, and the tasks they set themselves to achieve those purposes.

Well Harry Quadricci has defined the term organizational structure in a bit different way. He says that organization structure describes the organization’s formal framework or system of communication and authority. An organization’s structure describe as having three components: complexity, formalization and centralization.
The term complexity refers to the amount of differentiation in an organization.
The degree to which an organization relies to rules and procedures to direct the behavior of employees is formalization.
The term centralization describes where the decision-making is in upper levels of management and who decide what the subordinates should do.

According to Stephen P. Robbins, organizational structure defines how job tasks are formally divided, grouped or coordinated. He says that a manager needs to know six key elements in designing their organization’s structure. These are work specialization, departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization and decentralization, and formalization.
The term work specialization describes the degree to which tasks

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