Literature Review on Unemployment

2942 words 12 pages
Literature Review on Unemployment


Unemployment is recognised as one of the most challenging social problems currently facing Australia. In the last two decades and more recently with the global recession high levels of unemployment have become an established feature of the South Australian social and economic landscape, with young people aged 15 to 24 years among those hardest hit by unemployment.
In the past quarter the unemployment rate in South Australia has remained steady at 5.6% (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009) but this figure is volatile and may increase next month. The youth unemployment rate, however, in South Australia remains at 21.9% with the Western and Northern suburbs having significantly higher
…show more content…

Health Related behaviours

Unemployment has also been associated with changes in health related behaviours such as smoking, drug and alcohol use. The longer the period of unemployment the more a young unemployed person will consume alcohol ( Janlert and Hammarstrom, 1992; Hammarstrom, 1994). Young unemployed people are more likely to start smoking and to increase their use ( Hammarstrom and Janlert, 2002). Unemployed young people have a higher use of cannabis than those who are not unemployed ( Hammarstrom, 1994; Morrell et al, 1998).
It is, however, unclear to what extent these contribute to the poorer health of young unemployed people. Young unemployed people are also restricted in participating in ‘health promoting’ activities due to a lack of money, a lack of options and resources in the community and social stigma.

Moderating Factors which influence well-being in unemployment

While individuals and communities pay a price for unemployment in terms of the impact that unemployment has on health status and its broader social and economic costs suffered by the wider community, the literature does reveal many factors which influence well-being in unemployment including age ( Warr, 1987; Winefield et al, 1993), previous


  • Syria Conflict
    2664 words | 11 pages
  • Soc 101 Scientific Method Week 2
    1086 words | 5 pages
  • Minimum Wage
    2202 words | 9 pages
  • Example Labour Market Analysis Report
    2103 words | 9 pages
  • Does Money Buy Happiness?
    3923 words | 16 pages
  • Exploring Structural Change in Uk Economy and Labour Market Inequality in London
    6184 words | 25 pages
  • Chemical Castration
    4694 words | 19 pages
  • Greece Economy After Euro Crisis
    2263 words | 10 pages
  • Costa Coffee Marketing Plan
    4159 words | 17 pages
  • The Macroeconomic Perspectives of David Ricardo, Karl Marx, and John Stuart Mill
    2155 words | 9 pages