Soc 101 Scientific Method Week 2
University of Phoenix Material
Scientific Method Matrix
Research is a primary component of sociology. Valid and relevant sociological research is dependent upon a commitment to applying the scientific method in a systematic and organized way in order to ensure maximum objectivity and consistency in research. Complete the following matrix based on a social problem of your choice. The matrix will serve as a guide for creating a preliminary plan for the basic steps of the scientific method.
Scientific Method Matrix * Social problem * * Identify a social problem of your choice. | * Drugs in America | * Problem definitionA problem statement is often
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| Dependent variableIdentify the dependent variable (DV), which is the variable that you hypothesize will change due to the influence or presence of the independent variable. * | * The dependent variable would be that in pop culture Americans think drugs are cool or needed in life to cope with stress and/or to have a good time. | HypothesisWrite the hypothesis in the form of an if–then statement. Example: If the grade level of schooling is related to the level of income, then a change in the grade levels of schooling (IV) will affect a change in the level of income (DV). | * If drugs would not be readily available the independent variables would not exist. | Major research designIdentify the major research design—including the interview survey, questionnaire survey, observation, experiment, and existing sources—you would use to collect and analyze your research data and information. Explain why you believe this is the best research design for your research problem. * | Defining the Addiction Treatment Gap is intended to provide statistical context for efforts to close America’s addiction treatment gap, including the design of an addiction treatment benefit as part of health care reform implementation. According to CATG, a number of important factors should be considered: * Twenty-three million Americans are currently addicted to alcohol and/or other drugs. Only one in 10 of them (2.6 million) receives the treatment they need. The