Implicit and Explicit Personality:
Psychologists have long suspected that people do not have good access to their own thoughts and feelings and that self-exploration is subject to introspective limits. Empirical evidence supports this view. What results is a compelling claim for measurement procedures suitable for the assessment of cognitive processes that remain obscured if people are simply asked to report them. In “Implicit and Explicit Personality: A Test of a Channeling Hypothesis for Aggressive Behavior” The authors proposed that self-beliefs about personality influence the channels through which people express their implicit motives. On the basis of this hypothesis, the authors predicted that self-beliefs about aggressiveness would influence the channels through
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For example, when one believes that a happy person is also friendly, or that quiet people are shy. Individuals hold a network of assumptions that are based around relationships among various traits, and behaviors. Individuals who identify that there is one particular trait associated with someone will also assume that the individual possesses other character traits, which may or may not be true. One example might be someone who is considered unpredictable is also dangerous or someone who speaks slowly is slow-witted.
Since we believe that by using self-report information we will receive the most accurate information about that person because one would expect that the individual possessing the particular personality traits should be able to provide the most informative and accurate information about these constructs, and by using implicit personality information we expect to find out information about that person by learning something about them, the we will begin building our own expectations about that person that we build about a person. Now, if we get our information from a person’s self-report and we combine it with an implicit personality information we might or might not be able to get an accurate information about that person because if when that person lied/cheated on the self-report to satisfy his goal such as getting a job, then the implicit personality would not match the results. If the results from the