English 102 B43– Literature and Composition
Spring 2014 Term A
Jessica Jack, Student ID#25840627
Compare and Contrast Short Story Fiction Essay
Outline for Compare and Contrast Essay
“The Rocking-Horse Winner” by D.H. Lawrence and “The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson provide two contrasting uses of Setting in a short story which accentuate the importance of the element in a story. One author has the ability to distract the reader, while the other author creates the structure of the story. 1. Introduction a. A brief summary of the “The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson b. A brief summary of the “ The Rocking-Horse Winner’, by D.H. Lawrence 2.
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Lawrence displays the journey of a young boy’s uncanny ability to choose a winning horse in popular races around post-war England. The source from where the young boy chooses the name of the winning horse is a mystery that is not clearly identified. In the most important race and outcome, the young lad cannot undergo the stress and once he has predicted the winner; Paul, the young lad passes away. These individual practices of settings used by both authors truly do emphasize the importance of the element of setting in a story. In “The Lottery”, the setting that is drawn out by the author has an intention to distract the reader. The ability to distract the reading, allows the author to construct an ironic ending. The scene according to the author is built up to be warm and bright. Some might say that it is happy, cheerful with a hint of anxiousness. The author vividly describes the day as “clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day” ( Jackson, p.250). Jackson uses the description of a sunny, peaceful day to set a happy scene for the audience. These settings allow the audience to think that the story that is to follow is to be pleasant and have a happy ending. As the audience pushes through the remainder of the short story, they however, come to the realization that the horrific act that is to take place, distorts the idea of a pleasant ending. The descriptions of the town, the buildings and odd objects; such as the black lottery box,