1452 words 6 pages

Introduction Depression is a common illness most people are affected by. Every person has suffered through at least one depression episode if not more. Depression does not discriminate against age, ethnicity or gender. For some people, depression is so severe they feel like it’s not worth living. Other people feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why.
Depression is a medical illness that involves the mind and body. It affects how you feel, think and behave. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems (Mayo Clinic, 2011). When Depression occurs, it intervenes with daily activities and lacks the feeling of any sort of joy or happiness. It also comes between social
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Certain medicines can evoke depression too. MayoClinic (2011) insisted medicines such as “steroids or narcotics” can cause depression.
Depression, even in the worst possible case, can be effectively treated. The sooner the treatment begins, the more effective it is. It can be treated in different ways; counseling, psychotherapy, and antidepressant medicines may all be used. According to MayoClinic (2012)
Primary care doctor can prescribe medications to relieve depression symptoms. However, many people need to see a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental health conditions (psychiatrist). Many people with depression also benefit from seeing a psychologist or other mental health counselor. Usually the most effective treatment for depression is a combination of medication and psychotherapy. (para 2)
The most used medication to treat depression is antidepressants. Experts in National Institute of Mental Health, (2012) explain antidepressants primarily work on brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Scientists have found that these particular chemicals are involved in regulating mood, but they are unsure of the exact ways that they work. Some of the most popular antidepressants are called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) which include; fluoxetine, sertraline, escitalopram, paroxetine and citalopram (para 3). But antidepressants’ also increases the risk of suicide. Required by the Food and Drug


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