Conflict and Labeling Theory
Conflict and Labeling Theory Labeling theory is concerned less with that causes the onset of an initial delinquent act and more with the effect that official handling by police, courts, and correctional agencies has on the future of youths who fall into the court system. Labeling theory states that youths violate the law for a number of reasons; these reasons are poor family relationships, neighborhood conflict, peer pressure, psychological and biological abnormality and delinquent learning experiences. Cesar Lombroso was called the father of Modern Criminology, originally came up with the labeling theory. (Labeling Theory) Cesar Lombroso classified criminals into four major categories: born criminals, insane criminals, occasional
…show more content…
A number of other varieties of conflict theory are visible since the 1960s. Some of them include radical feminism and peacemaking criminology. Peacemaking criminology is the idea that American justice system most often works. The purpose is to understand why individuals commit crime and how their shamming acts affect others. The main concept of peacemaking criminology is based on the idea that every act of victimization happens because the perpetrator was victimized at one point in time. Social conflict theory can be described as favoritism. Society tends to show favoritism to the prestigious members of that particular society. (Social Conflict Theories) Social inequality is shown throughout the world from situations of race, ethnicity, gender, and age. These factors may dictate wealth, schooling, power, and prestige. The social conflict paradigm views the patterns that benefit some people more than it would others, due to their social standings.
(The Social and Cognitive Structure) Karl Marx was a sociologist who embraced the social conflict paradigm. Marx made his main goal to not just understand society but to reduce social inequality. Karl Marx devoted his life to explaining a contradiction in society, "How in a society so rich, so many could be poor." Marx makes a good point, and that is if America is supposed to be a rich country and a free country where the streets are “paved” with gold and opportunity is