Basic anatomy and Physiology

3170 words 13 pages
Exam one Study Guide:

Basic Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy- the study of structure
Subdivisions:
-Gross (macroscopic) – visible to the naked eye, such as surface area, regional areas or anatomy systems
-Microscopic – extremely small areas that usually need a microscope to be seen such as cytology (the study of the shape and function of plant or animal cells) or histology ( the study of the microscopic structure of tissue)
-Developmental- compared to the evolutional study of something such as embryology ( the study of the development of an embryo)

Physiology- the study of function at many different levels I.E. Such as the organ systems
Subdivisions:
-Is based on where an organ is placed within the body
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-Right Iliac Region: Appendix, Small intestine, ascending colon, right ovary and fallopian tube.
-Hypogastric Region: Bladder, uterus, and small intestine
- Left Iliac Region: Descending colon and left ovary and fallopian tube.
Quadrants: Four Quadrants:
-Right Upper Quadrant: Liver Gallbladder, ascending/transverse colon, stomach and diaphragm
-Left Upper Quadrant: Small intestine, stomach, transverse colon, diaphragm and liver
-Right Lower Quadrant: Appendix, ascending colon, bladder, fallopian tube, uterus and ovary
-Left Lower Quadrant: Descending colon, small intestine, bladder, uterus, ovary and fallopian tube
Basic Biochemistry:
Composition of Matter:
Elements:
- Can’t be broken down
- Unique properties
- Physical: Detectable/Measurable
- Chemical: Atoms bonding other atoms

In human body:
- Main elements: Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen and Nitrogen
- Lesser elements: Iron, Iodine, Phosphorus, Calcium, Potassium etc.
- The lesser elements are important because they help with other bodily functions (i.e. iron in the blood and calcium in the bone)

Energy:

Types: - Kinetic: Energy in motion - Potential: Energy stored for a later use

Forms: - Chemical: stored in

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